There are many different causes of yeast infection, including the use of vaginal sprays or douches, which can alter the acidic level of your vagina and encourage candida to multiply. Another major cause of yeast infection is a weak immune system. Some medications and conditions, such as diabetes, can compromise the immune system and increase your risk for candidiasis. Some women also have an increased risk of developing a yeast infection if they are taking hormone replacement therapy or taking contraceptive pills containing estrogen.
Proper oral hygiene and keeping the body dry are two ways to help reduce your risk for a yeast infection. Avoid wearing tight pantyhose or underwear, as these can increase the amount of moisture in your body. Also, change your sanitary products regularly. Fortunately, most yeast infections can be cured with the proper treatment.
Pregnant women are also more likely to develop a yeast infection, as their hormone levels are often increased during menstruation. Women who take high doses of estrogen from birth control or estrogen-replacement therapy are also at increased risk. Women with diabetes and poorly controlled blood sugar are also at a higher risk of getting a yeast infection. In addition, women who are taking antibiotics may be at a higher risk for developing a vaginal yeast infection. Antibiotics, for example, kill the healthy bacteria in your vagina that help prevent yeast infections.
When a doctor suspects you are suffering from a yeast infection, he will typically perform a culture. In this procedure, he or she will take a sample of the vagina or genitalia and examine it under a microscope. This is the simplest way to diagnose a yeast infection. If you have a positive culture, he or she may prescribe an oral medication or a short course of vaginal therapy. Some women can also use creams or suppositories in order to relieve the symptoms of a yeast infection.