There are several treatments for a yeast infection, including antifungal medications. These medications can be taken orally or applied to the affected area with an applicator. They are effective in treating symptoms such as pain, swelling, and itching. These medications can also reduce the risk of recurrence.
Although the symptoms of a yeast infection are usually subtle, severe cases can be extremely uncomfortable. In severe cases, a person may experience swelling, redness, fissures, and tiny cracks that feel like paper cuts. It is important to see a physician if the condition persists, or if it becomes more difficult to treat. In some cases, it may be necessary to take stronger medications.
Women with compromised immune systems are at a higher risk of getting a yeast infection than those with healthy immune systems. Taking certain medications or having diabetes can weaken the immune system, causing yeast to overgrow. Another factor that can increase the risk of a yeast infection is prolonged antibiotic use. Antibiotics, especially broad-spectrum types, kill the good bacteria in the vagina and can encourage the growth of yeast. Additionally, women who take high-dose estrogen birth control pills are more susceptible to developing a yeast infection.
The symptoms of a yeast infection depend on the type of fungus present. Candida Albicans is the most common variety, and it typically affects the skin and mucous membranes. However, it can also affect the blood, heart muscle, and the membranes surrounding the brain.