Symptoms of hypertension usually begin suddenly, but in many cases, this is because of a underlying medical problem. If you are overweight, smoke, or consume excessive alcohol, you are more likely to develop high blood pressure. In addition to a poor diet and lifestyle, genetics and age are also factors. People without hypertension by the time they’re 55 or older have a 90 percent lifetime risk for developing it. The good news is that doctors no longer consider hypertension an inevitable part of aging.
Hypertension has several risk factors, including obesity, family history, and lifestyle. It can affect any organ, such as the kidneys, the liver, or the heart, and can cause weight gain and diabetes. Even mental problems can be caused by it, as narrowed arteries can block blood flow to the brain, causing dementia and other brain disorders. Some people with high blood pressure have trouble learning or remembering things, which can lead to depression or anxiety.
Stress can increase the heart rate, and blood vessels can become constricted. In some cases, hypertension is a symptom of another problem, and correcting the underlying problem usually eliminates the symptoms. However, if the cause of the hypertension is not found, the condition will return. This type of hypertension is called essential or secondary. The causes of the problem are often irrational. A doctor can give you the right diagnosis to avoid a life-threatening condition.