If you are suffering from hypertension, then you are probably familiar with the symptoms of high blood pressure. You may be experiencing headaches, nausea, dizziness, sweating, tension, fatigue, irritability, tremors, insomnia, frequent urination, restlessness and more. Hypertension is very common and most people do not even know they have it. Fortunately, there are some early warning signs that will help you identify if you have high blood pressure. If left unchecked, hypertension can lead to many serious health issues.
The symptoms of high blood pressure usually develop gradually over time. If it is left untreated, hypertension can eventually cause the arteries to thicken and/or become fragile. This will, in turn, cause severe side effects such as stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, vision loss, and many more.
There are three primary ways hypertension develops. They are known as primary, secondary and tertiary. In the primary form, you actually have high blood pressure that is caused by fatty deposits (fat within the arteries) that block the flow of blood. As these deposits grow in size, they narrow the passageway and increase the pressure within the vessel. This will lead to increased heart rate, abnormal heart rhythms and kidney diseases.
In the secondary form, high blood pressure develops when you eat the wrong foods and get insufficient exercise. If you do not change your lifestyle and eat the right foods, you may end up with hypertension, even if you have otherwise healthy arteries. You may be prescribed some type of medication: this may sometimes work, but often times it does not.
The third way high blood pressure develops is through certain medical conditions that make people at a higher risk for complications. If you have a family history of kidney disease or heart problems, chances are you will develop hypertension. In addition, if you have high blood pressure due to other medical issues, such as diabetes or hyperthyroidism, you also put yourself at a greater risk for complications. One of the risk factors for hypertension is being overweight or obese. Some individuals just happen to be naturally larger than the average person. However, if you have excess weight, this can be one of the primary reasons you end up developing high blood pressure.
Obesity places an individual at a higher risk for developing hypertension because their body weight pushes the body’s soft tissue and muscles toward the walls of the blood vessels, which increases the pressure of the blood. Also, having high blood pressure also means you have weak blood vessel walls. Since hypertension causes the vessels to expand, more pressure is created in the blood than there is capacity to push out. This increased pressure makes the blood vessel walls to twist inward, creating a “cushion” effect around the artery. When this happens, blood flow is decreased in the area.
These are all symptoms of high blood pressure generally, though they may also apply to hypertension. The symptoms will vary from individual to individual. You should discuss them with your doctor, who will most likely prescribe medication to help lower your numbers. While these medications generally work to lower blood pressure, you need to continue to watch for side effects, such as dizziness, headaches, insomnia, nausea, constipation, and fatigue. If you find these symptoms, or others like them, continue to work with your doctor to find a cure for your condition.
As you can see, the answer to “what are the symptoms of high blood pressure?” is not that difficult. By eating the right diet, getting regular exercise, and taking medications (such as those to treat hypertension), you can make huge strides in treating your condition. Don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor about your condition and get treated!