Treatment For Hypertension

There are many treatments for hypertension, but the most effective is lifestyle change, which is the first step toward treating the condition. Lifestyle changes include dietary interventions, weight control, smoking cessation, physical exercise, and stress management. Various pharmaceutical agents are also available for initial treatment of high BP, from older molecules such as beta-blockers and thiazide diuretics to newer ones, such as dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers and angiotensin receptor blockers.

treatment for hypertension

Lifestyle modifications, such as quitting smoking and managing stress, are the best long-term treatments for hypertension. Medications for hypertension are usually used in combination with lifestyle changes and will help to control your blood pressure. The medications prescribed by your doctor will be ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, diuretics, and beta blockers. As with any condition, treatment for hypertension should be continuous and monitored closely.

Dietary changes are the cornerstone of treatment for hypertension. Patients are advised to limit their sodium intake to 65-100 mmol per day. In addition, they are encouraged to eat a low-fat diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products. Soluble fiber and whole grains are also recommended. Alcohol intake should be moderate. Most people experience less than one or two side effects of dietary changes, so doctors may recommend a combination of medication and lifestyle modifications.

The goal of treating hypertension is to reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and kidney failure. If you have a higher blood pressure than normal, you may be at risk for CVD or overt hypertension. A high-quality treatment regimen is key to reducing the risk of these complications. You should always consult a medical professional before beginning a new medication or changing your current medication. However, a drug that reduces blood pressure may not be recommended for every patient.


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