Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a condition in which blood is hard to pump through the lungs. When arteries become stiff or damaged, blood cannot flow through the lungs properly. This increases blood pressure in the lungs, putting additional stress on the right side of the heart. If left untreated, PH can lead to heart failure. PH has many causes, including drug use, HIV infection, and connective tissue or autoimmune disorders.
Moreover, pulmonary arterial hypertension can affect patients’ quality of life and affect their daily activities. While it is not a life-threatening condition, it can significantly impact the lives of patients and their caregivers. The presence of pulmonary hypertension symptoms may make it challenging to determine the exact cause of the condition. However, a diagnosis is important in preventing the onset of complications, including death. For example, patients may require a special medication if their pressure levels are abnormal.
Symptoms of pulmonary hypertension include shortness of breath, feeling lightheaded, and a rapid heart rate during activity. Patients may experience similar symptoms when at rest or during lighter activity. In the early stages, these symptoms are often normal and may be caused by other illnesses. As early diagnosis is key, pulmonary hypertension can be treated successfully. A doctor may prescribe medicine that slows the progression of the condition and prevent the development of the symptoms.