The normal blood pressure ranges between the lowest normal blood pressure that occurs naturally with decreased heart rate to the highest normal blood pressure that occurs naturally with increased heart rate. In most cases, normal blood pressure is influenced by factors such as age, gender, ethnicity, physical fitness, tobacco use, and family history. A high blood pressure that is accompanied by abnormal symptoms such as chest pain, dizziness, swelling in the legs or ankles, fast or slow heart rate, nausea or vomiting, headaches, blurred vision, and feelings of depression or hopelessness are considered to be emergency conditions. People suffering from these symptoms need immediate medical attention.
Blood pressure is usually measured with the help of a blood pressure monitor machine. This type of device records the amount of blood flowing through your veins on a minute-by-minute basis. Your doctor will take your medical history, perform some laboratory tests, and check other factors such as your family medical history and your current lifestyle. If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will most likely recommend that you change your diet and exercise habits. To make the necessary lifestyle changes, your doctor will probably suggest that you consult with a nutritionist or a dietitian, who can help you with a proper diet and exercise program.
Changes in your lifestyle can have a big impact on your blood pressure level. For example, if you smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol, you are more likely to have high blood pressure than someone who does not engage in these risky behaviors. You should quit smoking and limit your alcohol consumption; if not, follow the recommended daily dose of exercise, and take all recommended drugs (if prescribed by your doctor) according to the directions on the bottle.
Your body’s resting metabolism is also a major factor in determining your normal blood pressure, especially if you are a person with a normal weight for your height and body mass index (BMI). The more fat you have on your body, the higher your systolic and diastolic blood pressures will be. When you are overweight, your body does not get as much exercise needed to maintain normal blood pressure levels. You can reduce your risks of hypertension by losing weight and engaging in regular exercise.
Your lifestyle is also affected by your diet, because it affects your blood volume and how much of it goes to your muscles and heart rather than your arteries. Consuming foods with carbohydrates can increase your blood volume, while foods that are rich in fiber can constrict your artery walls and reduce your blood pressure. Eating a high-protein diet, which also contains fatty acids, is also a potential risk factor for hypertension. A study of male runners showed that the men who ate more protein had lower systolic blood pressure and lower diastolic blood pressure than the men who ate the least protein.
Another possible risk factor for hypertension is the buildup of scar tissue on the inner walls of your arteries. This scar tissue is made up of fatty deposits that can block the flow of blood. If the flow of blood is restricted, your blood pressure will rise. Another factor that may affect your blood pressure is the length of time you’ve been running, smokers or those who have poor sleep habits.
There are a variety of other factors that can be traced back to your lifestyle and are related to hypertension. Age, family history, gender, race and physical health conditions like diabetes, kidney and heart diseases, can all affect your blood pressure and cause hypertension. Obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption, inactive lifestyle and poor diet are all associated with high blood pressure. Obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption are all known risk factors for hypertension. You can also develop high blood pressure if you have existing health conditions. It is important to get regular screenings for high blood pressure and take precautions if you know you have high blood pressure, such as changing your lifestyle if you have established a habit of smoking or excessive alcohol consumption.
The most important thing you can do to prevent hypertension is to get regular checkups with your doctor and take precautions if you already have existing health conditions. Your doctor may ask you about your family history in order to trace back your hypertension. In addition, your doctor may ask you some questions about your lifestyle and ask you to keep a daily record of your blood pressure during your visit. If you know you have high blood pressure, it is important to discuss it with your family doctor, as it can lead to serious health problems in the future.