Having high blood pressure, also called hypertension, makes your heart work much harder. Your heart must pump blood more quickly to get it to all the areas of your body where it needs to do work. This causes the arteries to be less efficient in their transportation of blood. And, since blood is being pushed through your arteries by a much higher than average rate of force, this often causes permanent damage to the walls of the arteries. When you have heart disease, your risk for developing heart failure increases substantially. If left unchecked, the effects of high blood pressure can be fatal.
There are many effects of high blood pressure. The most obvious effect is an increase in the frequency and severity of heart attacks. But it’s not just heart attacks that can become severe because of high blood pressure. Hypertension increases your risk of developing strokes, too. Blood clots can form in the arteries leading to the brain, causing a condition known as ischemic stroke. These blood clots are caused by the walls of the arteries rupturing or being compromised by atherosclerosis, a condition where the walls of the artery are slowly affected by the buildup of cholesterol and other substances in the blood vessels.
Another effect of high blood pressure is called secondary hypertension. This occurs when the effects of primary hypertension have already been taken care of. While primary hypertension is usually caused by the buildup of too much fat and cholesterol in the arteries, secondary hypertension is caused by the fact that the arteries have already been damaged by atherosclerosis. In this case, there are not nearly as much fat and cholesterol buildup, which means that the pressure in the arteries is lower than it might be. However, because the arteries have already been damaged, it is much more likely that the condition will lead to cardiovascular disease – a condition that is called “atherosclerosis.”
When the diastolic pressure is too high, the heart does not get as much blood as it needs to function properly. Without enough blood to work with, the heart has trouble pumping oxygen-rich blood to all of the body parts. For example, it is necessary for the eyes to receive oxygen, so the eyes must get enough diastolic blood. High blood levels in the bloodstream cause the heart muscle to weaken and eventually fail.
The second major effect of hypertension is kidney failure. When high blood pressure is present, it can damage the kidneys. As kidney damage progresses, the patient may begin to experience kidney failure – a condition that is potentially fatal if treatment is not sought quickly. The kidneys are the body’s filtration system, and without them, the rest of the body cannot function.
The third effect of hypertension is to do with the heart. If it is left untreated, cardiac arrest can result. When this happens, the heart will suffer too much damage to function properly. This leads to cardiac failure, which is fatal. Coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and death can also occur when hypertension goes untreated.
The fourth effect of hypertension is mental deterioration. Some of the cognitive and emotional effects of hypertension can be devastating to the individual. Depression, irritability, lack of concentration, and other physical and mental conditions can be caused by hypertension. The emotional toll can be particularly harsh for women, who are more often the victims of heart attack and stroke due to hypertension. Women often endure years of physical pain as a result of their hypertension. The mental torture can be just as difficult, and in some cases, more damaging.
Other physiological effects of hypertension include the inability to control body temperature, frequent urination, muscle fatigue, lack of sexual urge, lack of balance, blurred vision, and an increased risk of developing infections. Hypertension is a medical condition that may lead to various heart failures, kidney failure, strokes, and other serious medical conditions. It is imperative that individuals become aware of the potential consequences of high blood pressure. High blood pressure may lead to a heart attack, stroke, or congestive heart failure. Ignoring these potential consequences may lead to a shortened lifespan and assorted life-threatening conditions.