The causes of increased systolic blood pressure are many. The aorta becomes stiff and smaller arteries become narrower with age. Both of these changes cause the heart to pump blood more forcefully through the arteries, which increases systolic blood pressure. Other common causes of high systolic blood pressure include smoking, excess dietary sodium, alcohol abuse, and obesity.
Despite the importance of having healthy systolic blood pressure levels, most high blood pressure cases are undiagnosed. While diastolic blood pressure readings can help identify high blood pressure patients, elevated systolic pressure readings are the better indicators of a health issue. Although most cases of high blood pressure are genetic, they are often related to the use of certain medications, lifestyle habits, and age.
Although high systolic blood pressure is not itself a life-threatening disease, it is a sign of a more serious problem. It can damage vital organs and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, so it is important to seek medical attention. There are a number of lifestyle changes that can lower systolic blood pressure levels and prevent serious health issues from occurring.
Lifestyle changes and medications can help reduce systolic blood pressure levels. While medications are an effective way to lower systolic blood pressure, it can still be difficult to control if your systolic pressure levels are too high. If you’re a person with elevated systolic blood pressure, it is important to exercise regularly to control it and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Besides aerobic exercise, you can also reduce systolic blood pressure by eating fruits and vegetables rich in potassium. Eat whole grains and limit your intake of white flour.