Do you regularly take your blood pressure measurements? If so, are you sure you are properly measuring your blood pressure? Blood pressure readings are considered to be important health measurements since they indicate the amount of force that is exerted on your blood by blood vessel pressure. Blood vessels exist to allow blood to flow throughout the body and provide oxygen and nourishment to all the organs and tissues. Consequently, hypertension is the most common condition that can lead to increased blood pressure.
Normal blood pressure readings typically are reported in millimeters of water, although aneroid and digital devices don’t contain mercury. Usually, normal blood pressure readings range between ninety-six to one hundred ten millimeters of water at normal conditions. The normal range for this initial measurement is between ninety-two to one hundred eighteen millimeters of water.
It’s hard to say whether or not taking your first blood pressure readings is normal. Just like anything, there are too many variables involved. You don’t want to start your normal routine thinking that you might have to perform an even more rigorous exercise regime. When you go for your first appointment with your doctor, he or she will want to know why you took the measurements, how long you have been having problems, what medications you are currently taking, and any other information that might affect your blood pressure readings. Your doctor may also want to check your medical history to ensure that any pre-existing medical conditions are under control.
Your blood pressure readings are also influenced by the structure of your arteries. They are made up of your capillaries, the large blood vessels that supply your heart with oxygenated blood. The smaller branches of these arteries, called your vena cava, contain muscle fibers that contract and relax in order to push your heartbeats through the blood and deliver oxygenated blood to all parts of the body. If they become narrowed or enlarged, however, they can prevent the heart from pumping effectively.
An arrhythmia can be caused by a heart disease called atrial fibrillation. This type of arrhythmia can have milder symptoms than other types of heart disease, but it can still be very dangerous. In fact, it is the largest cause of cardiovascular disease in the United States, contributing to more than thirty percent of all fatal heart attacks. It occurs when the rhythm of your heart becomes irregular, resulting in the heart rate picking up and going out of range. When this happens, the body often cannot get enough oxygen to all of the tissues in the body, and the result is a heart attack. An irregular heart rhythm is a leading cause of hypertension, and it can be overcome with a healthy lifestyle change, including the use of over the counter medications such as Zantac or Stri-dex.
Another common heart health problem is called ventricular fibrillation, or VF. A normal range for this condition is about sixty to eighty beats per minute. When this occurs, it is a strong indication that your heart muscle isn’t pumping efficiently, and you may have a heart attack in progress. Blood pressure medications such as ACE Inhibitors can help control VF, keeping it under control until it fades away. Medications such as Zantac or Stri-dex can also be used to treat VF.
Your blood pressure measurements are also likely to be taken while you are sitting. This is because the monitor requires you to remain upright, which many people find uncomfortable. If you sit down, your blood pressure usually drops because gravity takes over. When you stand up after taking your measurements, your blood pressure may appear elevated, due to blood being forced to flow more slowly through the veins.
If you have hypertension, you may need to use some of these blood pressure medications to lower it. Talk to your doctor about ways to lower your pressure without medication. For example, losing weight and quitting alcohol or smoking can both lower your blood pressure. Exercise is also a way to prevent hypertension from developing. Even if you don’t have hypertension, you should always consider blood pressure medications, as they can be very effective in treating or preventing some medical conditions.