Hemorrhoids are painful and uncomfortable swellings in the anal canal. While the discomfort may seem uncontrollable, there are a number of ways to treat them at home. These include eating a high-fiber diet, staying hydrated, using sitz baths, and using ointments and suppositories.
A warm sitz bath can relieve pain and reduce swelling. You can also apply a mixture of Epsom salts and glycerin to the affected areas and then rinse them. Ice and witch hazel can also reduce inflammation. Lidocaine-based ointments may also help ease hemorrhoid symptoms. You can also take anti-itch creams throughout the day to minimize the itching.
Another easy way to treat hemorrhoids at home is to soak them in warm water. This increases blood flow and shrinks the swollen veins. You can use a bathtub or a sitz bath, which fits over the toilet. Sitting in the water with your knees raised can help soothe the swelling.
If you are unable to find a cure for hemorrhoids at home, you can consult a physician. Your primary care physician can prescribe medicated creams, ointments, or suppositories to relieve the pain. In severe cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the hemorrhoids. However, the good news is that most hemorrhoids will go away on their own within two to three weeks, unless you experience rectal bleeding.
The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to avoid straining and forcing your bowel movement. While this may be a good way to relieve some pain, it can also lead to further inflammation and pain. Those suffering from hemorrhoids should pay close attention to their diet. Low-fiber diets and unhealthy lifestyles may contribute to this condition.