If you’re experiencing recurring bouts of heartburn, you need to eliminate certain foods to relieve the pain and discomfort. Those foods that cause reflux include dairy products that contain high levels of fat. High-fat dairy products can aggravate the problem because they make the lower oesophageal sphincter relax, causing acid to back up into the esophagus. Another food that causes heartburn is fatty red meat. Red meat contains high amounts of saturated fat, which slows the process of emptying the stomach, putting more pressure on the lower oesophageal valve, which is responsible for preventing acid from reaching the esophagus.
Other foods that can cause heartburn include citrus fruits. Citrus fruits, such as oranges and grapefruit, contain high amounts of acid and can prolong the time that food sits in the stomach. Drinks that contain caffeine can also cause heartburn. Caffeine relaxes the lower esophageal muscles, allowing more acid from the stomach to back up into the esophagus. In addition, chocolate contains a high concentration of serotonin, a chemical that can trigger heartburn.
If you notice a pattern or food that triggers heartburn in you, it’s a good idea to keep a heartburn journal. Make sure to note when the symptoms occur, what you ate, and what activities you did prior to the discomfort. The simplest way to avoid a bout of heartburn is to limit your intake of these foods.