Acid reflux symptoms are caused by the buildup of acid in the stomach. This acid can harm the esophagus and cause inflammation. There are several possible causes of acid reflux, and identifying them is essential in managing the condition. Lifestyle factors, including smoking, are also contributing factors. If the condition is chronic, it may lead to gastro-esophageal reflux disease, a serious medical condition.
Certain foods trigger reflux and can make symptoms worse. Changing your diet and avoiding triggers can help relieve the symptoms. A good way to do this is to eat smaller, more frequent meals. Also, change your sleeping position and avoid wearing tight clothes. A healthy weight is another important factor, especially if you are experiencing GERD symptoms. Food sensitivity tests can help you identify which foods make your symptoms worse.
If lifestyle changes are not enough to alleviate your symptoms, your gastroenterologist may recommend a surgical procedure known as fundoplication. This procedure strengthens the esophageal-gastric barrier. It is typically performed using a laparoscope, which avoids the need for a full stomach incision.
While acid reflux is a common digestive condition, it can vary from mild to severe. Usually, acid reflux symptoms come and go, but in some people, the problem persists and may cause problems with swallowing. People suffering from acid reflux may also have chest pain, hoarseness in the morning, and bad breath. The most common symptom is a burning sensation in the chest.