What is liver failure? It is a medical condition wherein the liver does not function properly. A malfunctioning organ system results in blockage in the trans-resveratrol and other substances that are transported to liver from the bloodstream and other parts of the body. When there is an excessive accumulation of these substances, it results in blockage. As a matter of fact, most of the fatty liver cases occur due to fatty liver or hepatitis B, C and D. Acute hepatic (fatty liver) failure usually occurs in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, chronic liver disease or an inherited abnormality of lipid metabolism.
The major functions of liver in our body are detoxification, production of bile and utilization of glucose for energy. It also produces important metabolic byproducts such as acetylcholine and threosine. Hepatic pathways control the movement of metabolic chemicals through the bloodstream to various organs and tissues. They are also responsible in recycling and expending some nutrients in the process of chemical synthesis.
Fatty liver is classified into two major categories, acute and chronic. Acute hepatic failure (ahmediculocytosis) generally occurs in a person after a few months of illness. On the other hand, chronic liver failure (cholestasis) occurs over a period of time. Symptoms of chronic liver failure include weakness, nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice, abdominal bloating, weight loss and intolerance for alcohol. Less common symptoms may also occur such as increase appetite, abdominal discomfort, loss of appetite, diarrhea, constipation, flatulence and abdominal bloating. These symptoms may last for weeks or months depending on the progression of the illness.
In acute liver failure, a sudden increase in body temperature, jaundice, vomiting, abdominal pain and dark discoloration of the skin are observed. Immediate medical intervention is required to prevent further complications from occurring. Patients usually have an enlarged spleen that can be seen by a transvaginal ultrasound or laparoscopy. The diagnosis can be confirmed by blood tests and culture of a sample of liver cells. Antibiotics are then prescribed to treat infection and to mitigate further damage.
The liver synthesizes bile and aids in the digestion of fats. It is important for the proper functioning of the kidney, bones, heart and brain. The clotting of blood proteins is another important function of the liver. A low serum albumin levels in patients with cirrhosis indicates that more damage has occurred to the liver than already is.
To avoid liver failure, drugs that adversely affect the function of the liver should be avoided. One example of such drugs include alcohol, seizure medications, birth control pills, corticosteroids, anti-epileptic drugs, anabolic steroids, anti-tuberculosis drugs, and certain vasoactive drugs. Steroids in low doses can actually promote liver cell death through a mechanism called immunofunction, which is caused by the suppression of the immune system.
The treatment of liver failure will depend on the stage of its progression. If the symptoms only manifest after the disease has progressed to a severe degree, the doctor will most likely have to perform additional tests to confirm that the symptoms are indeed due to the progression of the liver disease. This could include a liver function test, blood test, CT scan and MRI. A physical examination also may be needed to determine the progression of the symptoms.
What is liver failure caused by alcohol abuse? Alcohol abuse impairs the normal function of the liver. Ingestion of alcohol also causes damage to the brain and central nervous system. This can result in severe damage to the eyesight, coordination and breathing. It can also cause a loss in bodily functions such as memory, sense of balance and ability to control bowel movements.