The most common type 2 diabetes treatment is metformin, which lowers blood glucose levels by decreasing the amount of glucose made by the liver. It also improves the body’s response to insulin. Other medications include sulfonylureas, which help the body produce more insulin. These medications are also used in combination with diet and lifestyle changes to control glucose levels.
Most people with type 2 diabetes start with a single injection of long-acting insulin. Later, they may need to add short-acting insulin to help control glucose levels. Short-acting insulin is usually started with the largest meal of the day, and coverage for subsequent meals is added as needed. In addition to insulin, diabetics should have a diet plan based on blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure.
A combination of exercise, diet, and aggressive weight loss are also part of type 2 diabetes treatment. In addition to lifestyle changes and medications, diabetes patients are often prescribed metformin, an oral medication that can be purchased over the counter. Metformin can lower blood sugar levels without causing hypoglycemia. However, some patients may experience irregular bowel habits while taking this medication.
If you have diabetes, see your doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment. Proper blood sugar management can help prevent complications, including foot problems. Diabetes can damage nerves, so you should discuss your diabetes treatment options with your doctor. You may also be prescribed weekly injectable medications that reduce your A1C (blood sugar level) and help control your weight.