People with type 2 diabetes usually experience high blood sugar levels. The body uses insulin to help regulate glucose levels in the blood. Too much glucose in the blood can lead to a number of complications. When the blood glucose levels are too high, the body cannot use the glucose as energy. When a person has blood sugar levels of 126 mg/dl or more, they are considered diabetic. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes often appear gradually.
A person with type 2 diabetes will often experience extreme thirst, frequent urination, and a dry mouth. This is a common symptom of diabetes because the body is unable to properly utilize glucose to generate energy. As a result, the body will use fat stores for energy. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can range from excessive thirst to increased hunger.
To help control blood glucose levels, a person with type 2 diabetes must make dietary changes that decrease carbohydrate intake. They should also exercise regularly and lose five to ten percent of body weight. A doctor can prescribe a home glucose monitoring system to help monitor blood glucose levels and determine if the medications are working.
Some people with type 2 diabetes may not have any symptoms at all. However, they may have sores that don’t heal and frequent infections. If they become severe, a person should see a doctor as these symptoms can indicate complications.