Diabetes is a disease characterized by high blood glucose levels. Its early symptoms include excessive thirst and urination. People with diabetes also experience increased hunger and fatigue, and their eyesight may be impaired. Moreover, early detection and treatment of diabetes can improve a person’s quality of life and reduce the risk of developing complications.
If uncontrolled, high blood glucose levels damage organs and tissues in the body, which may lead to cardiovascular complications. These complications can be life-threatening. Cardiovascular problems caused by high glucose levels can include high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and atherosclerosis. Other complications of diabetes include nerve damage, which may affect the hands and feet and even spread to the toes. High blood glucose levels can also lead to pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia or gestational diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes include constant thirst, increased appetite, and frequent urination. Some individuals may feel thirsty even after drinking water. Others may feel constant hunger after meals. The kidneys have to work overtime to remove excess sugar in the blood. The symptoms of diabetes can be disabling if left untreated, so call a doctor to schedule an appointment.
Nerve damage caused by high blood glucose can result in numbness or tingling in the hands and feet. Diabetes can also cause poor circulation and impair wound healing. Consequently, people with diabetes may experience painful sores or blisters on their hands and feet. They may also experience frequent bladder infections and vaginal yeast infections.