The goal of type 2 diabetes treatment is to keep the blood glucose levels under control. For this, lifestyle changes are needed. People with diabetes must lose weight if they are overweight and avoid smoking. They may also have to take medication, including insulin and other injections. Once they are on medications, they need to follow specific diet and exercise regimens to keep their blood sugar levels within the normal range.
People with diabetes may be at increased risk of kidney disease, heart disease, and nerve damage. They should get a proper diagnosis so that they can treat the condition. A blood glucose test is an important part of the diagnosis. This test is important because high blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels, which can lead to kidney and nerve damage.
Insulin is often prescribed for type 2 diabetes. Fortunately, there are several options for this medication. Glucose-lowering drugs, like metformin and glimepiride, can also be taken by people with type 2 diabetes. These medications are available in generic form and are cost-effective.
The cost of diabetes care is a significant issue for patients in low and middle-income countries. Many people don’t have insurance coverage and the out-of-pocket costs for diabetes care can be a financial burden. Therefore, it is important to develop strategies to lower the cost of care and reduce the risks of diabetes complications.