Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

rheumatoid arthritis treatment

RA treatment consists of reducing inflammation in the joints and reducing the symptoms of pain and disability. Depending on the severity of the condition, treatments may include medicines, lifestyle changes, and supportive care. These medicines are called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

Biologic treatments target the immune system to control the inflammation and promote remission. These medicines are usually used in combination with methotrexate. They work by blocking the production of TNF-alpha, an inflammatory cytokine, in the blood. These biologic treatments can reduce symptoms such as morning stiffness, tender joints, and swelling. Another newer class of DMARD medicines is known as JAK inhibitors, which target specific signaling molecules in the body. These medicines can also have side effects, so they should be used cautiously.

Another treatment option is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. These drugs, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, celecoxib, and etoricoxib, may help reduce pain. However, they may not cure rheumatoid arthritis.

Drugs such as methotrexate are often used to treat severe rheumatoid arthritis. These drugs are powerful enough to slow the progression of the disease and prevent permanent damage to the joints. However, they can have side effects, and you may need to try different types of DMARDs to find one that works best for you.

DMARDs are often combined with analgesics. These drugs reduce inflammation, decrease pain, and improve function. While they don’t change the course of the disease, they do help with other health problems.

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