Osteoarthritis Treatment

osteoarthritis treatment

There are several osteoarthritis treatments available. Patients may opt for a corticosteroid injection, which eases inflammation and swelling. Corticosteroids may provide pain relief for weeks or months. However, these treatments may be harmful to the cartilage of the joint. This is why patients should follow the recommended dosing schedule.

Treatment for osteoarthritis should focus on managing symptoms. The disease is not curable, but it can be slowed by medications and self-management strategies. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary. The prognosis for people suffering from OA varies, but it is typically associated with limited activity and reduced quality of life.

Osteoarthritis treatments can also include topical medication, acupuncture, and massage therapy. These methods can help manage pain and symptoms and can even help patients get back to normal activities. The use of anti-inflammatory medications such as corticosteroids can reduce pain in patients with OA, but they can also produce unwanted side effects.

In addition to prescription medicines, patients should follow a physical fitness routine. Regular exercise will improve flexibility and range of motion, and it will lubricate the joints. Yoga, Pilates, and Tai Chi are good options for stretching and strengthening the muscles surrounding joints. Strength-training exercises can also help protect the joints from injury.

Surgery may also be necessary for patients suffering from osteoarthritis. While surgery is not necessary for mild symptoms, severe cases may require joint replacement surgery. In such cases, osteoarthritis patients should try physical therapy. This will help strengthen the muscles surrounding the arthritic joint. It may also help to reduce the pain and stiffness in the affected joints.

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