Hip arthritis is a painful condition that affects one in four people in their adulthood. The disease is the result of inflammation and breakdown of the cartilage that lines the joints. It can affect either one or both hip joints. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, and swelling. Treatment options range from non-surgical measures to surgical hip replacement.
To diagnose hip arthritis, a doctor will examine your hips and take X-rays to check for any changes in the joint space or bone spurs. Some people may require total hip replacement surgery, which involves removing your diseased hip joint and replacing it with an artificial one. This can help relieve pain and improve your ability to walk.
Patients with hip arthritis can also choose to undergo physical therapy for pain relief and to improve range of motion. These therapies can also involve electrical stimulation of the joints. Electrical stimulation can help decrease pain and stiffness and may even prevent disability. Another option for treating hip arthritis is platelet-rich-plasma therapy (PRP), which involves injecting concentrated blood platelets into the affected joint to stimulate the body’s natural healing process.
In rare cases, non-operative methods for hip arthritis may not be effective enough to alleviate the symptoms. In such cases, a doctor may recommend surgery to restore hip function and relieve pain. The type of surgery performed depends on the type of hip arthritis and the patient’s age, anatomy, and underlying condition.